Roads of Pakistan
During the 1990s, Pakistan began an ongoing project to rebuild all national highways
throughout the country specifically to important financial, cargo and textile centers.
The National Highway Authority or NHA is responsible for the maintenance of all
national highways in Pakistan.
The Makran Coastal Highway follows the coast of Sindh and Balochistan provinces,
linking Karachi and Gwadar. Journey time has been reduced to six or seven hours with the
construction of the new Coastal Highway. The highway was built as part of an overall plan
to improve transport facilities in southern Balochistan.
The Karakoram Highway is the highest paved international road in the world. It connects
China and Pakistan across the Karakoram mountain range, through the Khunjerab Pass.
The Grand Trunk Road (commonly abbreviated to GT Road) is one of South Asia’s oldest and
longest major roads. For several centuries, it has linked the eastern and western regions
of the South Asia, running from Bengal, across north India, into Peshawar in Pakistan.
The Silk Road is an extensive interconnected network of trade routes across the Asian
continent connecting East, South, and Western Asia with the Mediterranean world,
including North Africa and Europe. It passes through the mid section of Pakistan through
cities: Peshawar, Taxila and Multan.
The construction of motorways began in the early 1990s with the idea building a world
class road network and to reduce the load off the heavily used national highways throughout
the country. The M2 was the first motorway completed in 1998, linking the cities of
Islamabad and Lahore. In the past 5 years, many new motorways have opened up including
the M1, M3.
Total: 257,683 km